Expounding on the Concept of Moderation in Islam

“Moderation is the key to balance, and balance is the essence of a fulfilling life.” – Hanif Kruger

Islam, as a comprehensive way of life, promotes the idea of moderation in all aspects of life. The Qur’an and Hadith (sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him) emphasize the importance of striking a balance between the spiritual and material aspects of life.


Moderation in Enjoying Worldly Pleasures:

The Qur’an says: “But seek, through that which Allah has given you, the home of the Hereafter; and [yet], do not forget your share of the world. And do good as Allah has done good to you. And desire not corruption in the land. Indeed, Allah does not like corrupters.” (Qur’an, Surah Al-Qasas, 28:77). This verse clearly indicates that while striving for the Hereafter is essential, one should not neglect their portion in this world.


Against Excessive Asceticism:

Islam does not promote excessive asceticism or self-deprivation. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) once said when he saw a man who had been standing in the sun as an act of penance: “Is it you who does this to yourself? Allah will punish you!” (Reported by Bukhari). This Hadith shows that self-imposed suffering is not encouraged in Islam.


Promotion of Excellence and Hard Work:

Islam encourages its followers to seek knowledge, work hard, and strive for excellence in all endeavours. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “Allah loves that when anyone of you does a job, he should do it with perfection.” (Reported by Al-Bayhaqi).


Ethics and Morality Over Material Wealth:

Islam teaches that one’s value is not determined by their wealth or social status but by their character and deeds. The Qur’an states: “O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you.” (Qur’an, Surah Al-Hujurat, 49:13).


Condemnation of Arrogance and Oppression:

Islam condemns arrogance, especially when it leads to the oppression of others. The Qur’an warns: “Indeed, Allah does not like everyone self-deluded and boastful.” (Qur’an, Surah Luqman, 31:18). The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) also said: “Beware! Whoever oppresses a Muahid (non-Muslim living under Muslim protection) or snatches (any of) his rights or causes him pain which he cannot bear, or takes anything from him without his permission, then I will fight against such a (Muslim) on the Day of Judgment.” (Reported by Abu Dawood).


In conclusion, Islam promotes a balanced approach to life, emphasizing the importance of moderation, ethics, and hard work. It teaches that one’s worth is determined by their character and actions, not by material wealth or social status. Oppression, arrogance, and promoting suffering are discouraged, and believers are encouraged to live a life of balance, truthfulness, and righteousness.

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